Pahang General Information
Pahang is the largest state in Peninsular Malaysia and undoubtedly one of the top eco-destinations. Kuantan is its capital city, located along the East Coast. Nearly two-thirds of Pahang’s 35,000 sq. km land area is covered in dense tropical rainforest, making it a repository for Malaysia’s natural treasures.Almost all of the highland retreats, some beautiful islands and beaches are found in Pahang. Pahang’s name is believed to be derived from the ‘mahang’ tree according to a Malay legend. Other sources attribute it to traders from China who called it ‘Pang-Hang’, which slowly became Pahang in spelling and pronunciation. Pahang was ruled by the Srivijayan Empire in ancient times until its collapse in 1000. Pahang was then conquered by the Siamese and then Malacca in 1400. After the downfall of Malacca, it became a central part of the territorial conflict between Acheh, Johor, the Portuguese, and the Dutch. Finally, in 1888, Pahang was conquered by the British before receiving independence with the rest of Malaysia in 1957. With a population of 1 million, Pahang is peaceful and unspoilt. As a bulwark of natural conservation, visitors who truly love nature will adore the state for all its natural goodness.
Pahang is rich in agricultural and natural resources, with nearly two thirds of its lands covered by lush tropical forests.
Palm oil, rubber and cocoa have turned into cash crops, and are cultivated extensively in land development schemes. Eco-tourism is the next big thing for Pahang.
Geography & Climate
Peninsular Malaysia's largest state is bordered on the north by the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, on the east by the South China Sea, on the south by Negeri Sembilan and Johor, and in the west by Perak and Selangor.
The Titiwangsa mountain range which forms a natural divider between the Peninsula's east and west regions, is spread along the north and south of the state, peaking at Tahan Mountain, which is 2,187 metres high.
Pahang's tropical monsoon climate brings with it a uniform temperature of 21°C to 32°C throughout the year. The months of January through April are dry and warm, while the months of May to December are wettest. Average rainfall each year falls between 2,032 mm to 2540 mm, with a high humidity between 82-86 percent.
Town & Districts
Pahang's royal town is called Pekan, which translates literally into ‘town’. The state capital is Kuantan, 45 kilometres to the north of the royal town.
Pahang consists of eleven districts; Pekan, Rompin, Maran, Temerloh, Jerantut, Bentong, Raub, Lipis, Cameron Highlands and Bera.